In some cases, clubfoot is just the result of the position of the baby while it is developing in the mother's womb.
But more often clubfoot is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors that is not well understood.
Each of the following visible signs may be present, and each may vary from mild to severe:
The foot (especially the heel) is usually smaller than normal.
The foot may point downward.
The front of the foot may be rotated toward the other foot.
The foot may turn in, and in extreme cases, the bottom of the foot can point up.
The calf muscles in the affected leg are usually underdeveloped.
Risk factors include:
Not enough amniotic fluid during pregnancy.
Since, researchers are still uncertain about the cause of clubfoot, you can't completely prevent it. However, if you're pregnant, you can do things to limit your baby's risk of birth defects, such as:
Not smoking or spending time in smoky environments
Not drinking alcohol
Avoiding drugs not approved by your doctor
The goal of treatment is to improve the way your child's foot looks and works before he or she learns to walk, in hopes of preventing long-term disabilities.
Treatment options include:
Stretching and casting (Ponseti method)
Culled from Staywellworld blog post dated May 02, 2017.
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Clubfoot also called talipes equinovarus, describes a range of foot abnormalities usually present at birth in which a baby's foot is twisted out of shape or position. It is a deformity of the foot and ankle that babies can be born with.